Nanotechnologies are rapidly transforming the fashion industry with the help of novel and promising developments. Nano fibers at atomic and molecular levels can tweak their properties, resulting in the next-generation materials with UV protection, antimicrobial, anti odour, and anti static effects as well as breathability, advanced durability, liquid repellency and wrinkle-resistance. Energy saving and eco- friendliness are a few of the advantages of such technologies. “In textiles, the most frequently used nano materials are silver, gold, silicon dioxide, titanium dioxide, zinc oxide, aluminium hydroxides, nanoclay, carbon nanotubes, carbon black, graphene, copper, and iron hydroxides."
Nowadays more than 30 countries are developing innovative nanotechnology enabled materials. Recently an Iranian company used nanotechnology for the production of nylon fabrics which can reflect infrared radiants and cool down the human body. The most popular industries that are using nanotechnologies - sportswear and space. The most widely recognized application is in the shark-skin suit with a plasma layer enhanced by nanotechnology to repel water molecules, worn during world-record breaking Olympic swimming championship. TEDx has made a list of the inspiring videos on how nanotechnology is changing medicine, science and fashion.
Using nanotechnologies, designers can create sophisticated clothes with amazing features.