Climate change is something inevitable as it happens due to natural and human pollution. Natural pollution comes from erupting volcanoes, combustion gases, ash, salt spray etc. Approximately 95% of the current warming trend is due to human activity since the mid 20th century. The impact of climate warming is felt all over the globe: global temperature rise, warming oceans, shrinking ice sheets, glacial retreat, decreased snow cover. According to NRDC even a slight average temperature rise is enough to cause a dramatic transformation of our planet.
In the report Lancet Countdown on health and climate change the scientists point at climate change as the biggest global health threat of the 21st century. The main driver of today’s warming is the combustion of fossil fuels. But, as National Geographic stated, a new problem is taking the lead - the not freezing Arctic pole. “As fossil-fuel burning warms the Earth, this ground is thawing, allowing microbes to consume buried organic matter and release carbon dioxide and shorter-lived methane, which is 25 times as potent a greenhouse gas as CO2”.
In other words the stakes are quite high, if the region’s active layer stops freezing, soil microbes can decompose active material and release greenhouse gases year long and not only in summer. And the permafrost below in it’s turn becomes exposed to more heat and can begin thawing and releasing gas. “More than a dozen Arctic climate scientists contacted by National Geographic agree that this year's active-layer data highlights the limitations of global climate models”. By reducing our own carbon footprint, we can contribute to slowing down the heating up of the planet. Conserving energy on an everyday basis, preferring the products that meet higher standards for energy efficiency, telling others about the environmental problems we have - these are small steps that can easily be part of a person’s everyday routine and that might add more years for our planet to prosper.